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3 December 2015

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Thermocouple Accuracy

Absolute thermocouple accuracy relates to how closely the thermocouple derived temperature mimics the actual temperature. The major errors usually arise from the thermocouple materials themselves. There are international standards that specify the amount by which sensors may deviate from ideal behaviour. These figures are reproduced here. The table shows the maximum permitted error in thermocouples which comply with IEC 584-2 (1982) and in PRTDs (platinum resistance temperature devices) which comply with BS 1904 (1984) Class A. All figures are in º Celsius.

TemperatureB type E type J type K type N type R type S type T type PRTD
-200 - - - 3.0 3.0 - - 3.0 0.55
-100 - - - 2.5 2.5 - - 1.5 0.35
0 - 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.5 0.15
200 - 1.7 1.5 1.5 1.5 1.0 1.0 0.8 0.55
400 - 2.0 1.6 1.6 1.6 1.0 1.0 - 0.95
600 1.5 3.0 2.4 2.4 2.4 1.0 1.0 - 1.35
800 2.0 4.0 - 3.2 3.2 1.0 1.0 - 4.30
1000 2.5 - - 4.0 4.0 1.0 1.0 - -
1200 3.0 - - 9.0 9.0 1.3 1.3 - -
1400 3.5 - - - - 1.9 1.9 - -
1600 4.0 - - - - 2.5 2.5 - -

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